Islam in Arabic means complete submission to the Will of Almighty Allah. A Muslim is one who submits. Muslims follow the teachings of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH). During his lifetime, Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) spoke out against injustice, and preached that there is only one God.
Prophet Mohammed (PBUH)
Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) was born in Makkah in the year 570 CE. His father's name was Abdullah & his mother's name was Amina. Due to his sublime character, he came to be known as as Al-Amin (the trustworthy one). When Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) reached the age of 40, angel Jibra'eel (AHS) came to him with a revelation from Almighty Allah. Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) began delivering the message of oneness of Allah to all of mankind. In the next 23 years of his life, the entire Quran was revealed to him, and he communicated the message of Allah to the people, and set an example for how each human being should lead his or her life. This is especially valuable since Mohammed (PBUH) is the last Prophet of Allah.
Five Pillars of Islam
Shahadah in Islam is to testify that there is no god but Allah and that Mohammad is the Messenger of Allah.
Offering five obligatory prayers at their stipulated times.
Zakat is a required charity for people who qualify. Zakat is 2.5 percent of accumulated wealth every year.
Fasting during the month of Ramadan
Hajj is the pilgrimage to the holy city of Makkah at least once during a Muslim's lifetime if affordable.
Brief History of Islam
In the centuries after Prophet Mohammed (PBUH), Islam spread throughout the Middle East, Asia and Africa.
As the Islamic world grew, so did its achievements. Muslim thinkers and scientists made their contributions to learning in philosophy, medicine, astronomy, algebra, art, architecture, mathematics and many other fields. Today, Islam is the fastest growing religion with second largest world's population. Islamic culture is more than just exquisite ornamentation and a spectacle of domes and minarets. It is a total system of living. It has unified countries as far apart as Indonesia, Spain and sub Sahara Africa for over a thousand years. Islam is a way of life based on the Holy Qur'an, and the teachings & practices of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH), which are called Sunnah.